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36. Fengbin Wang, Yangqi Gu, J. Patrick O’Brien, Sophia M. Yi, Sibel Ebru Yalcin, Vishok Srikanth, Cong Shen, Dennis Vu, Nicole L. Ing, Allon I. Hochbaum*, Edward H. Egelman* & Nikhil S. Malvankar*.  Structure of microbial nanowires reveals stacked hemes that transport electrons over micrometers. Cell 177, 361-369 (2019)

† Equal contribution

Yale press release. Eureka Alert,


35. Yang Tan, Ramesh Y. Adhikari, Nikhil S. Malvankar, Joy E. Ward, Trevor L. Woodard, Kelly P. Nevin, and Derek R. Lovley.  2017.  Expressing the Geobacter metallireducens PilA in Geobacter sulfurreducens Yields Pili with Exceptional Conductivity. mBio  8:1 e02203-16

34 J. Patrick O’Brien and Nikhil S. Malvankar Geobacter sulfurreducens: A simple and low-cost procedure for growing anaerobic cell cultures and biofilms in bioelectrochemical systems. Current Protocols in Microbiology 43:A.4K.1A.4K.27 (2016)

33) Reply to ‘Measuring conductivity of living Geobacter sulfurreducens biofilms’. Nikhil S. Malvankar, Vincent M. Rotello, Mark T. Tuominen and Derek R. Lovley. Nature Nanotechnology 11, 913-914 (2016)

32) Yang Tan, Ramesh Y. Adhikari, Nikhil S. Malvankar, Shuang Pi, Joy E. Ward, Trevor L. Woodard, Kelly P. Nevin, Qiangfei Xia, Mark T. Tuominen, and Derek R. Lovley. Synthetic Biological Protein Nanowires with High Conductivity. Small published online (2016)

31)  Y. Tan,  RY Adhikari, Nikhil S. Malvankar, JE Ward, KP Nevin, TL Woodard, JA Smith , O Snoeyenbos-West, AE Franks , MT Tuominen and
DR Lovley. The Low Conductivity of Geobacter uraniireducens Pili Suggests a Diversity of Extracellular Electron Transfer Mechanisms in the Genus GeobacterFrontiers in Microbiology 7, 980 (2016)

30) Ke Xiao, Nikhil S. Malvankar, Eric Martz, Chuanjun Shu, Derek Lovley and Xiao Sun. Low energy atomic models suggesting a pilus structure that could account for electrical conductivity of Geobacter sulfurreducens Pili. Scientific Reports 6, 23385 (2016).

Animations:Interactive 3D Complement in Proteopedia

29) Ramesh Adhikari, Nikhil S. Malvankar, Mark Tuominen, and Derek Lovley. Conductivity of individual Geobacter pili. RSC Advances 6, 8354 (2016).

28) Toshiyuki Ueki, Jiae Yun, Nikhil S. Malvankar and Derek R. Lovley. Functional environmental proteomics: Elucidating the role of a c-type cytochrome abundant during uranium bioremediation International Society of Microbial Ecology 10,310 (2016).

27) Xi Yu, Nikhil S. Malvankar, Ryan Landis, Serkan Eymur, Oscar Miranda, and V. M. Rotello. Impedance spectroscopy of ionic ligand modulated gold nanoparticles assembly and their application in volatile gas sensing. Small 11 (31) ,3814-3821 (2015).

26) Nikhil S. Malvankar, Madeline Vargas, Kelly Nevin, PL Tremblay, Kenenth Evans-Lutterodt, Dymtro Nykypanchuk, E. Martz, M. Tuominen and DR Lovley. Structural basis for metallic-like conductivity in microbial nanowires mBio 6 (2), e00084-15 (2015)

Selected for the Cover  Press:Eureka Alert;  Animations:Interactive 3D Complement in Proteopedia

25) Derek Lovley and Nikhil S. Malvankar. Seeing is believing: Novel imaging techniques help clarify microbial nanowire structure and function. Environmental Microbiology (published online) 2014.

24) Nikhil S. Malvankar, Sibel E. Yalcin, Mark T. Tuominen and Derek R. Lovley. Visualization of charge propagation along individual pili proteins using ambient electrostatic force microscopy. Nature Nanotechnology 9, 1012-1017 (2014).

Ranked in the top 5 percentile across all journals for online attention generated

23) Pravin Malla Shrestha, Nikhil S. Malvankar, Jeff Werner, Ashley E. Franks, Amelia-Elena Rotaru, Minita Shrestha, Fanghua Liu, Kelly Nevin, Lars Angenent and Derek Lovley. Correlation between microbial community and granule conductivity in anaerobic bioreactors for brewery wastewater treatment. Bioresource Technology 174, 306-310 (2014).

22) Nikhil S. Malvankar, Gary King and Derek R. Lovley. Centimeter-long electron transport in marine sediments via conductive minerals. International Society of Microbial Ecology 9, 527-531 (2015).

21) Shanshan Chen, AE Rotaru, Nikhil S. Malvankar, F. Liu, Kelly Nevin, Derek Lovley. Promoting interspecies electron transfer with biochar. Scientific Reports 4, 5019 (2014).

20) Fanghua Liu, Amelia-Elena Rotaru, Pravin Shrestha, Nikhil S. Malvankar, Kelly P. Nevin, Derek LovleyMagnetite compensates for the lack of a pilin-associated c-type cytochrome in extracellular electron exchange. Environmental Microbiology 17 (3), 648-655 (2015)

19) Nikhil S. Malvankar and Derek R. Lovley. 2014. “Microbial Nanowires for bioenergy applications.” Current Opinion in Biotechnology 27, 88-95 (2014).

Selected as One of the most downloaded articles in Science Direct ~ 3500 downloads

18) Nikhil S. Malvankar and Derek R. Lovley. 2014. “Electronic conductivity in biofilms: Physical meaning, mechanisms and measurement methods” in “Electrochemically active biofilms in microbial fuel cells: From laboratory practice to data interpretation.” Editor – Haluk Beyenal. Willey, New York. (Invited review article as a book chapter) (In Press). (2014).

17) Xing Liu, Pier-Luc Tremblay, Nikhil S. Malvankar, Kelly P. Nevin, Derek R. Lovley and Madeline Vargas. Geobacter sulfurreducens strain expressing Pseudomonas aeruginosa pili localizes OmcS on pili but is deficient in Fe(III) oxide reduction and current Production.Applied and Environmental Microbiology 80, 1219-1224 (2014).

16) Pravin Malla Shrestha, Amelia-Elena Rotaru, Muktak Aklujkar, Fanghua Liu, Minita Shrestha, Zarath M. Summers, Nikhil S. Malvankar, Dan Carlo Flores, and Derek R Lovley. Syntrophic growth with direct interspecies electron transfer as the sole mechanism for energy exchange. Environmental Microbiology, 5:904-910 (2013).

15) Ching Leang, Nikhil S. Malvankar, AE Franks, Kelly Nevin Derek R. Lovley.  Engineering Geobacter sulfurreducens to produce a highly cohesive conductive matrix with enhanced capacity for current production. Energy and Environmental Science, 6:1901-1908 (2013).

 14) Madeline Vargas, Nikhil S. Malvankar, Pier-Luc Tremblay, Ching Leang, Jessica  Smith, Pranav Patel, Oona Synoeyenbos-West, Kelly Nevin, and Derek Lovley. Aromatic amino acids required for pili conductivity and long-range extracellular electron transport in Geobacter sulfurreducensmBio, 4:e00105-13 (2013).

Selected as mBio Editor’s pick ;

Commentary – Molecular Dissection of Bacterial Nanowires

 13) Nikhil S. Malvankar, M. T. Tuominen, and D. R. Lovley. Lack of involvements of c-type cytochromes in long-range electron transport in microbial biofilms and nanowiresEnergy and Environmental Science, 5, 8651-8659 (2012).

 12) Nikhil S. Malvankar, Joanne Lau, Kelly Nevin, A. E. Franks, M. T. Tuominen,  and D.R. Lovley. Electrical conductivity in mixed-species biofilms.  Applied and Environmental Microbiology78, 5967-5971 (2012).

 11) Nikhil S. Malvankar and Derek R. Lovley. Microbial nanowires: A new paradigm for biological electron transfer and bioelectronics. ChemSusChem 5, 1039-1046 (2012).

Selected as a spotlight article in Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2012, 51, 7358-7360.

 10) Nikhil S. Malvankar, M. T. Tuominen and D. R. Lovley.  Comment on ‘‘On electrical conductivity of microbial nanowires and biofilms’’ by Strycharz-Glaven et al., Energy Environ. Sci., 2011, 4, 4366. Energy and Environmental Science 5, 6247:6249 (2012).

9) Nikhil S. Malvankar, M. T. Tuominen and D. R. Lovley. Biofilm conductivity is a decisive variable for the high-current-density of Geobacter sulfureducens microbial fuel cells. Energy and Environmental Science 5, 5790-5797 (2012).

Selected as a key publication for Renewable Energy global innovations.

8) Nikhil S. Malvankar, Tünde Mester, M. T. Tuominen,  and D. R. Lovley. Supercapacitors based on c-type cytochromes using electrically conductivity nanostructured networks of living bacteria. ChemPhysChem13, 463 – 468 (2012).

On the Cover

25 Most Accessed Articles in ChemPhysChem

 7) F Liu, AE Rotaru, PM Shrestha, Nikhil S. Malvankar, KP Nevin, DR Lovley. Promoting direct interspecies electron transfer with activated carbonEnergy and Environmental Science,m5 (10), 8982-8989 (2012)

6) D. R. Lovley, T. Ueki, T. Zhang, Nikhil. S. Malvankar, P. M. Shrestha, K. Flanagan, M. Aklujkar, J. E. Butler, L. Giloteaux, A. E. Rotaru, D. E. Holmes, A. E. Franks, R. Orellana, C. Risso and K. P. Nevin, Geobacter: The microbe electric’s physiology, ecology, and practical applications. Advances in Microbial Physiology., 59:1-100 (2011).

 5) Morita, M., Nikhil.SMalvankar, Franks, A.E., Summers, Z.M., Giloteaux, L., Rotaru, A.E., Rotaru, C., & Lovley, D.R., Potential for direct interspecies electron transfer in methanogenic wastewater digester aggregates. mBio 2 (4), e00159-00111 (2011).

 4) Nikhil S. Malvankar, Madeline Vargas , K.P.Nevin, A. E. Franks,Ching Leang, B.C. Kim,  Kengo Inoue, Tünde Mester, S. F. Covalla, J. P. Johnson,  V.M. Rotello,  M. T. Tuominen,  and D. R. Lovley. Tunable metallic-like conductivity in microbial nanowire networks. Nature Nanotechnology 6 (9), 573-579 (2011).

Ranked in the 99 percentile across all journals for online attention generated.> 21000 downloads.                                                                                                                    Nature Nano News & Views                                                                                              On the Cover

 3) Z. M. Summers, Heather Fogarty, Ching Leang, A. E. Franks, Nikhil S. Malvankar, and D.R. Lovley. Cooperative exchange of electrons within aggregates of an evolved syntrophic co-Culture. Science. 330, 1413-1415 (2010).

Selected for publication in Virtual Journal of Biological Physics Research Vol.20 Iss. 11, 2010

 2) Debabrata Patra, Nikhil S. Malvankar, Erica Chin, Mark Tuominen, Zhiyong Gu, and Vincent M. Rotello. Fabrication of conductive microcapsules via self-assembly and crosslinking of gold nanowires at liquid–liquid interfaces. Small, 6: 1402–1405 (2010).

 1) A. E. Franks, Nikhil S. Malvankar, K.P.Nevin. Bacterial biofilms: the powerhouse of a microbial fuel cell. Biofuels 1(4):589-604 (2010). (Invited review article)